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The Governance Brief





The Governance Brief is a quarterly ADB newsletter responding to inquiries and demands for short, easy-to-read references on specific governance related challenges.

Issue 17: Grievance Redressal Processes in Urban Service Delivery: How Effective Are They?
December 2008 [8 pages ]

Overview of Contents:

  • Rationale for Institutionalizing Grievance Redressal Mechanisms
  • How do Citizens Complain About Urban Services?
  • Case Studies
    Municipal Grievance Redressal in Karnataka State
    Manila Water's Customer Complaint Management System
  • Considerations for Structuring Effective Complaint Management Systems


Issue 16: A Practical Approach to Combating Corruption
December 2007 [7 pages ]

Overview of Contents:

  • The Value Chain Methodology
  • The Value Chain Framework: A Synopsis
  • The Delivery of Essential Drugs (Health Sector)
  • Public Procurement: A Common Thread


Issue 15: Managing Decentralization
December 2006 [6 pages ]

Overview of Contents:

  • Decentralization Reforms and Policy Coordination
  • Policy Coordination Effectiveness: Some Country Experiences in Asia
  • The Coordination Dilemma
  • Facilitating Coordination and Network Management: The Role of Development Aid Agencies
  • Conclusion


Issue 14: Addressing the Political Dimensions of Development
January 2006 [4 pages ]

Overview of Contents:

  • Development is Political
  • DFID and the Drivers of Change
  • Understanding Institutional Complexity: Loan Making in Indonesia
  • Improving Government Performance in North East Sri Lanka
  • Conclusion


Issue 13: Strengthening Governance through Constitutional Reform
July 2005 [4 pages ]

Overview of Contents:

  • Governance and Constitutional Reform
  • Importance of Process
  • Importance of Institutional Choices
  • Case Study: Designing Good Governance in Thailand
  • Recommendations


Issue 12: Strengthening Capacities for Increased Aid Effectiveness
April 2005 [ 4 pages ]

Overview of Contents:

  • Paris declaration and capacity development
  • Managing capacity development processes at partner country level
    • Ownership and leadership for country capacity development strategy
    • Conducting comprehensive CD assessments
    • Managing for development results and country accountability structures
    • Rethinking Donor CD approaches
      • Consensus on the need for a reorientation of Donor CD practices
      • Supporting country strategies and CD frameworks
      • Developing in-country CD systems
      • Investing in partnerships
      • Relying on country systems for donor-financed activities
      • Conclusion


Issue 11: Best Practices for Curbing Corruption in Asia
June 2004 [ 4 pages ]

Overview of Contents:

  • Do not rely on the police to curb corruption
  • Implement comprehensive anticorruption legislation
  • Provide the anticorruption agency with adequate staff and funding
  • Cut red tape to minimize opportunities for corruption
  • Reduce opportunities for corruption in "wet" public agencies
  • Punish the guilty to make corruption a high-risk, low-reward activity
  • Preconditions for implementing best practices


Issue 10: Governance of Asian Utilities: New Regulators Struggle in Difficult Environments
March 2004 [ 4 pages ]

Overview of Contents:

  • Regulatory reforms will boost private investments
  • Asia suffers from partially completed market reforms and confused policies
  • Asian utility regulators are not very independent
  • Regulatory missions are often inconsistent
  • A critical shortage of staff, training, and expertise
  • Action needed to strengthen under-equipped and unsupported utility regulators


Issue 9: Improving Government Financial Reporting: The Window to Good Governance
December 2003 [ 4 pages ]

Overview of Contents:

  • Responsibility for Setting National Public Sector Accounting Standards: Importance of Independence
  • A Plan for Improving Public Sector Accounting
  • Required Guidance
  • Key Role of Training
  • The External Auditor and Public Sector Accounting
  • Conclusions and Lessons for Improving Government Financial Reporting


Issue 8: Challenges in Designing and Implementing Intergovernmental Fiscal Transfers In Asia
October 2003 [ 4 pages ]

Overview of Contents:

  • Aggregate Size of Transfers and Macroeconomic Concerns
  • Variety and Structure of Transfer Programs
  • Resource Allocation
  • Political and Bureaucratic Interference
  • Overall Effects of Intergovernmental Transfer Programs
  • Moving Forward


Issue 7: Government Cash and Treasury Management Reform
July 2003 [ 4 pages ]

Overview of Contents:

  • Government Cash and Treasury Management
  • International Practices
  • Applicability of Reforms to Developing Countries
  • Conclusion and Recommendations


Issue 6: E-Government in Asia and the Pacific
April 2003 [ 4 pages ]

Overview of Contents:

  • ICT in the Asia-Pacific Region: The Six Stages of E-Government
    • Stage 1: Internal network
    • Stage 2: Inter-organizational and public access to information
    • Stage 3: Two-way communication
    • Stage 4: Exchange of value
    • Stage 5: Digital democracy
    • Stage 6: Joined-up government

  • Lessons from the Asia-Pacific Experience


Issue 5: Understanding Government Auditing
October 2002 [ 4 pages ]

Overview of Contents:

  • What is an external audit?
  • Difference between Public and Private Sector Auditing
  • Authority of SAIs
  • Audit Regulation and Processes
  • Audit Workloads and Performance Measurement
  • Auditing Method Changes Have Improved Quality and Efficiency
  • Audit Professional Networks
  • Emergence of Performance Auditing
  • Audit and Management
  • Diagnostic for Effective Government Audit


Issue 4: Promoting Results-Based Management in the Public Sectors of Developing Countries
August 2002 [ 4 pages ]

Overview of Contents:

  • Key Elements of Results-Based Management Systems
  • Triggers for RBM


Issue 3: Understanding Public Procurement
June 2002 [ 4 pages ]

Overview of Contents:

  • The Changing Public Procurement Environment
  • How Procurement Works
  • Promoting Other Commercial and Social Policies
  • Looking Forward


Issue 2: Linking Planning and Budgeting: The Medium Term Expenditure Framework
February 2002 [ 4 pages ]

Overview of Contents:

  • Why a Medium Term Framework (MTEF)?
  • How is an MTEF related to Public Expenditure Management (PEM)?
  • Promoting Allocative Efficiency
  • Instilling Aggregate Fiscal Discipline
  • Enhancing Operational Efficiency


Issue 1: What is Public Expenditure Management (PEM)?
October 2001 [ 4 pages ]

Overview of Contents:

  • The Three Level Outcomes
  • Aggregate Fiscal Discipline and the Tragedy of the Commons
  • Allocative Efficiency, Preference Revelation, and Cost Revelation
  • Operational Efficiency, Monopoly, and the Principal Agent Problem
  • Institutional Arrangements and Incentives



Source: Asian Development Bank